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Dental Check-Up

What is a dental check-up?

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What does a dental check-up look like?

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Dental Check-Up explained

Dr Sarah explains everything you need to know
about dental check-up services at the dentist

It has long been recommended by health experts that visiting the dentist on a regular basis for a dental check-up is the most cost-effective and time-saving method to keeping your teeth, gums, and general oral health in the best condition for as long as possible.  Currently, 1 in 5 Australians avoids visiting the dentist each year for this very quick and very simple procedure to ensure they don’t end up with a costly and painful tooth problem.  This is something health advocates and AirSmile are working on to help increase access and affordability to basic dental care.  The reason being is that a dental check-up should be part of every person’s overall maintenance program with a dental check-up visit completed every six months from the age of 12, and once a year prior to that.  Ideally, this should also include a teeth cleaning and x-rays to check for problems between the teeth every 2 years (more often if you are at high risk of dental decay).

The 9 key elements of a dental check-up.

  1. Dental check-ups are usually recommended every 6 months from the age of 12
  2. Young children should have a dental check-up every 12 months
  3. The dentist may recommend more frequent dental check-up visits if you are at higher risk of dental decay or gum disease.
  4. They are completed by a general dentist or oral health therapist 
  5. They should not hurt or cause you any discomfort
  6. The average cost of a dental check-up is between $41.20 – $76.25
  7. A dental check-up appointment should take around 20 – 40 minutes 
  8. A dental check-up session may also include additional services such as a tooth cleaning and dental x-rays
  9. Dental check-ups are a time to ask questions, review your oral health home care, find small issues before they develop further, and have your teeth cleaned professionally.  

The purpose of a routine dental check-up is to catch any small issues before they become a costly and painful emergency.  The term prevention is better than a cure has never been more true when it comes to visiting the dentist for routine dental check-ups and oral hygiene maintenance.  Failing to visit the dentist regularly could lead to the loss of a tooth or teeth which impacts significantly on your chewing ability and confidence in your smile.

A routine dental check-up is all about maintaining the health and longevity of your teeth and gums.  A dental check-up appointment may also include teeth cleaning with the dentist or oral health hygienist to remove staining and hard build-up from around the teeth surface and below the gumline leaving your teeth feeling fresh and bright, however, this might not be the case as some practices prefer to keep these services separated to reduce your time in the chair and to allow you to ask questions and seek advice should there be any new concerns that arise from the dental examination.  

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Booking a dental check-up on AirSmile.



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If it has been over six months since your last dental check-up, AirSmile dentists partners are available to new patients looking for a practice perfectly suited to their dental check-up needs, and more!  It’s simple to book your next dental check-up on AirSmile.  Simply download the app or sign-up online and click on BOOK.  Choose either Dental Check-up or Dental Check-up with a Clean from the booking options when prompted and find a dentist you love in minutes.  Find a time that suits you and confirm your booking!

Don’t forget to request your previous dental records from the last dentist using our Record Request form found under the Records tab and upload them into your AirSmile account.  That way, your new AirSmile dentist will have access to view and use during your appointment – helping the dentist to better understand your dental history and possibly saving you big dollars without the hassle of having to have more x-rays taken on the day, providing the x-rays are current and not new concerns have developed since your last dental check-up. 

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The purpose of a routine dental check-up appointment is to identify active dental disease early so that it can be treated before it becomes a painful and costly emergency.  A dental check-up can also be to discuss any cosmetic concerns you have, to review your overall medical history to minimise the systemic impact of poor oral health on the rest of your body and review areas being monitored from a previous dental check-up and treat if things have progressed. Dental check-ups also are a great opportunity to talk about your home dental care so you can prevent disease starting to begin with.

The recommended period of time between dental check-ups is six months.  However, it may be recommended to increase the frequency of visits depending on your risk factors, current medical conditions and lifestyle.  Dental disease, for the most part, progresses slowly over time therefore if a new area of disease begins to develop, the dentist will have sufficient time to diagnose and treat the condition following a routine dental check-up appointment if you maintain a regular six-month regime.  

Dental check-up intervals by age:

0 – 2 years old = no visit required unless there is a concern

2 – 12 years old = every 12 months unless the child is at risk of dental decay 

12 – 17 years old = every 6 – 12 months depending on dental risks and position of teeth.  

17 years and older = every 6 months unless otherwise advised by your dentist

The dentist will focus on a number of areas that typically affect patients within the age group of the patient and with common health risks associated with lifestyle, medical and hereditary factors provided by the patient during the medical history review and what is stereotypical an issue seen by the dental profession for this group of patients.

Age 2 – 5 years:  

Often this is the first visit to the dentist for a child.  The dental team makes every effort to make it a pleasant, fun and memorable experience so that the young ones are eager to return.  If the child is compliant, the dentist will do a visual examination with a mirror and if possible, they will also use a probe to check for soft areas on the tooth surface that may indicate a cavity.  If the child is anxious they are welcome to sit on the parent’s lap for comfort.  It is advised to introduce your child early on to the dentist during this age to start a lifelong positive connection with going to the dentist for dental check-ups and teeth cleanings. Occasionally early developmental problems can be picked up at this check-up as well.

Age 6 – 12 years: 

This age is when dental professionals start to see early signs of decay from high sugary and acidic diets and poor cleaning habits as children are often brushing their own teeth by this age, and usually not very well!   

The dentist will focus on the molars that have come through and assess their position and health.  They might recommend something called a fissure sealant be placed in the back teeth to prevent tooth decay from burrowing through the deep crevices that form on the top of the tooth.

Children may start to build up tartar, a hardened bacteria that glues itself to the tooth surface making it impossible to remove with a toothbrush.  This can easily be removed in seconds by the dentist during this visit along with a fluoride polish to remove any staining and help to strengthen the outer surface of the teeth.

X-rays are typically taken every 2 years during this age to look for signs of decay and abnormal growth patterns.  

Age 13 – 17 years:

Throughout the teenage years, the teeth and mouth go through many stages of growth and change.  Baby teeth lost and permanent teeth have now come through.  The dentist will be focused on the bite and function of the teeth and jaw during this age and assess if orthodontic treatment would benefit the child to prevent future issues and improve the overall appearance of the teeth. These years are usually the optimal time to undergo orthodontic treatment while the bone and skeletal system is flexible and more manageable. 

The dentist or oral health hygienist may need to provide a more thorough tooth cleaning during a dental check-up as teenagers are notorious for poor home care routines.  The dentist or hygienists may also suggest a saliva screening to test for correct flow and regular gum screenings to check for early signs of gum disease.  

Diet and lifestyle habits are focused heavily with this age group as they learn the damage certain products can cause to the teeth long term.  

18 years and older:

It is ideal for adults young and old to have a dental check-up every 6 months, no matter how many teeth they have.  If you are higher risk it may be recommended to visit more frequently to stay on top of any existing conditions.  A standard dental check-up appointment for an adult will include a comprehensive examination tooth by tooth, a gum analysis screen to assess the health of your gums, oral cancer screening, review any previous work completed to ensure it’s integrity and address any concerns you have been having since your last dental examination.

X-rays may be required to confirm any diagnosis of disease noted during the examination or consultation of an issue.  

A visit to the dentist for a dental check-up should take around 20 – 40minutes.  The length of time will depend greatly on;

  • How long it was since your last dental check-up
  • If you are having any concerns the dentist needs to address
  • If you are due for x-rays 
  • Medical history and health concerns that need discussing and consideration
  • Your level of comfort and anxiety 
  • What other services the practice offers as part of a routine dental check-up

According to the Australian Dental Association, the cost of a general dental check-up with your regular dentist is between $41.20 – $76.25.  This does not include the cost of a teeth cleaning, x-rays or any other services a dentist may perform routinely in their clinic during a dental check-up appointment.  

  1. Maintain a regular and effective home hygiene routine of brushing twice a day and flossing once a day.  This is the cheapest and most effective way to minimise any additional costs the dentist may need to charge should they need to perform additional tests because you have a problem area that could have otherwise been prevented from simple home care cleaning.
  2. Be mindful of what you eat, drink and smoking habits.  Your lifestyle choices will contribute to the cost of your dental bill as sugary and acidic foods and drinks, smoking and alcohol will increase your risk of getting dental disease meaning the dentist may recommend you visit more frequently for dental check-ups and teeth cleanings, or need to take x-rays every 12 months instead of the standard practice of every 2 years so that nothing is missed.  Being a high-risk candidate of getting dental decay, gum disease or oral cancer will mean more visits to the dentist and more cost.
  3. Utilize your private health insurance rebates each year.  If you have dental extras cover included in your private health insurance policy, it pays to review what is included and ensure you take advantage of your allowance.  Most health funds offer significant rebates towards two dental check-ups per year making your out of pocket costs on the day minimal.  It is important to note that any unused health insurance rebate amounts do not roll over into the following year which means you’re paying a premium each month for dental cover without getting the benefits.   
  4. Seek out practices that offer discounted dental check-up visits aimed at encouraging patients to maintain their regular oral hygiene visits.  

The dentist or oral health professional might seek your permission to conduct various other tests during your dental check-up visit to help them clearly diagnose and explain your dental conditions.  


These additional services might include;

  • Dental x-rays 
  • Comprehensive gum screening
  • Vitality test
  • Saliva test
  • Oral cancer screening
  • Jaw (TMJ) examination
  • Photos – intra and extra-oral images
  • Study models 
  • Digital scans
  • Cosmetic and smile design consultation
  • Bite analysis – orthodontic consultation
  • Airway tests
  • A comprehensive medical history review
  • Referral to a specialist 
  • Diet analysis 

A routine dental check-up appointment should be nothing to fear.  It should be something you look forward to as it means you’re taking good care of your health and overall wellbeing, and that can only be a positive thing.  During your dental check-up appointment, the dentist will routinely use a small mouth mirror and a tooth probe to help identify soft areas of tooth structure that might indicate decay or tooth rot is present.  This procedure should not cause you any discomfort whatsoever.  

The main complain patients often have is the faint scratching sound of the probe on the tooth but with a set of earphones and your favourite tunes playing this can be easily drowned out if it is causing you any concern.  However, if the dentist does find an active area of decay, and you have been experiencing sensitivity or pain from the tooth prior, you may get a twinge while they investigate the severity further to provide a clear diagnosis.  Again, this should only be minor discomfort for a very short period of time.  

Another dental tool the dentist may use is a periodontal probe.  This handheld instrument is basically a measuring stick that checks the health of your gums.  The dentist will slide the measuring probe down the side off the tooth into the natural pocket that sits around each tooth in your mouth.  In a healthy mouth, a dentist will consider a healthy gum pocket to measure between 1 – 3mm with no bleeding.  If you attend the dentists regularly for teeth cleaning appointments and brush and floss daily at home you should expect to fall into this category and experience little to no discomfort during this procedure.  

If however your gums are inflamed, infected and are diagnosed as having active gum disease known as periodontitis this diagnostic service may cause some tenderness as the dentists measure each pocket.  Although you may be experiencing some discomfort It’s important to have this procedure to ensure proper treatment is carried out to treat this bone-eating condition.  If the sensitivity becomes too much, you can request to have the gums numbed with a short-acting anaesthetic gel or local anesthetic prior to the dentists proceeding.

  • Disclaimer:  The information provided is not to be used as professional advice and should be considered a guide only.  It is our strong recommendation to always seek the advice and consult of a trained medical professional for your oral health and general health care needs.

Explore More Dental Treatments

Dental Check-Up

A dental check-up is routinely performed by a qualified general dentist however, it can also be completed by other trained dental professionals such as an oral health therapist with the scope to diagnose disease in both children and adults.

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Compare quotes, manage your appointments, store dental records, and more. For people who want better dental.
dentist login on airsmile


Everything you need to enhance practice efficiency. For clinics that want to offer better dental.